When most gardeners hear the term “bulbs” they immediately think of flowers such as tulips or Easter lilies. Though these are a couple of the flowers that can be grown from bulbs, there are many more varieties out there. Some other common bulb flowers are the dahlia, irises, anemones, amaryllis, cannas and begonias. These are just a few of the many kinds of flowers available when picking a bulb flower to plant.
So what exactly is a “bulb?” Bulbs do most of the work when is comes to producing the flower or plant that grows from them. These bulbs actually store food for the plant to grow whenever it is the plants dormant season. So whenever growing season comes around, and the the plant is ready to grow, the bulb contains all the plant food and nutrients that is needed for it to grow in the sunlight.
The majority of the bulbs need to be planted in a very sunny location, and need rich and moist soil, to produce the healthiest plants. Typically the bulbs growing season is in the spring. As stated earlier the most know bulbs are tulips and the Easter lilies, which get there name because they always sprout in the early spring months close to the time of Easter. However, there are several varieties of bulb flowers that are also known to grow throughout many different months of the year.
If you are going to be growing bulbs in a temperate climate it is often advised to refrigerate the bulbs for 4-8 weeks prior to planting them. If you live in a very cold climate region you will want to plant the bulbs in the late fall. Tulips are well known to like very dry, warm, summers. Tulips can also be susceptible to a unique fungal condition called ‘tulip fire,’ this can occur if your tulips are in an area where there is too much moisture in the soil.
Bulbs will grow the best according to there natural habitat. For example, daffodils are commonly known as meadow flowers which love large amounts of sunlight. For this reason they can easily grown in the open yard, and they usually will produce their flower before the grass begins to sprout. If you are growing daffodils in this location it is advised not to mow for 6-8 weeks after the flowers have died. These bulbs will actually use the leaves in the area to produce food, so that they are able to grow in the following year. Another example of a natural habitat for bulbs, would be the bluebells and snowdrop bulbs. These bulbs are known as woodland bulbs. They generally grow the best under deciduous trees.
You can also grow many bulbs in containers, that can be kept outside or inside, providing you give them the appropriate amount on sunlight. If you decide to grow them in a container, then they will need at least 4 inches of soil below the bulb and around 2-4 inches on top of the bulb as well. A common tactic for growing bulb flowers is to actually plant them in a container such as a flower pot, and then to actually bury the flower pot in the garden. This provides the bulb extra protection, from being accidentally hoed or disturbed when you are weeding out your garden, serving as a protective barrier for the bulb. This can also help protect them from being eaten by rodents or other animals.
Be sure to always do research on the type of bulb that you are going to grow. Most of the bulbous varieties of flowers are very tolerant, but you always want to be sure. Doing research on the bulb that you intend to grow will provide you with the best results.
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