The incidence of diabetes mellitus is increasing in the US. People of all races and socioeconomic status can get it. It can be distressing for a person to be diagnosed with this condition, but fortunately there are a number of treatment options available for managing it. First of all, you need to understand the diabetes mellitus causes and triggers.

Diabetes mellitus is a medical condition that causes elevated blood glucose levels, also known as blood sugar levels. Blood glucose is normally kept in check through various hormones and chemicals in your system. The most important hormone in this regard is insulin, which is produced by your pancreas. The disorder can be triggered when there are problems in the pancreas and it stops producing the correct quantity of insulin, or uses it improperly. It can also be a result of your body developing a resistance to the effects of insulin.

Regardless, diabetes mellitus causes hyperglycemia, a condition which results in many of the more noticeable symptoms. These include excessive thirst, more frequent urination, rapid weight loss, blurred vision, fatigue and metabolic changes. The most severe outcomes include ketoacidosis, which leads to vomiting, nausea, and fainting; hypoglycemia; and the possibility of becoming comatose as a result of your blood glucose imbalance. It can also create long term health issues, such as an elevated risk of heart disease, renal failure, gangrene, damage to the retinas that can cause blindness, and nerve damage.

Fortunately, it’s possible to effectively treat the condition using insulin that is injected into the bloodstream. Diabetics need to constantly monitor their blood glucose levels, which typically involves the use of a portable meter that tests a tiny drop of blood. If the reading indicates that your blood sugar levels need to be adjusted, you will then inject yourself with insulin to stabilize the situation.

Diabetes mellitus causes more than one form of the condition. Type 1 is a result of problems with the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin, in which they stop producing the hormone properly. There is no way to safeguard against type 1. Indeed, many of the people who develop this condition are typically in good health.

Type 2 is quite different from type 1, and also more common. This disease is often the result of obesity, poor diet and insufficient exercise. The system starts to produce less insulin, and at the same time becomes more resistant to it. Symptoms are normally quite mild and the first line of treatment is to make changes to your lifestyle. Related to this is gestational diabetes, which sometimes develops in pregnant women and normally goes away right after the birth of the baby.

Understanding diabetes mellitus causes and treatments is essential to managing this condition effectively. It can be a very serious condition, and you must be sure not to take it lightly.

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