Majority of the people think that if they have a quaint small yard, they cannot truly indulge themselves in all the gardening fun because according to them, you need a bigger space for gardening. 

However, what needs to be brought into the knowledge is that you can make use of raised beds also known as garden boxes. These are a perfect option for planting small plots of fruits, flowers and vegetables. Raised beds are the best way to utilize the small garden spaces as they help grow more in a relatively less space. Even a tiny raised bed of 4 square feet can yield great results. And the best part about these raised beds is that it can be build it anywhere – over soil or even over a concrete slab and glass.

Some of the major benefits of these raised beds are that it helps you produce 10 times more from the same land, helps keep the garden soil weeds away from the crops, prevents the soil from getting eroded during rains, requires less maintenance, prevents water runoff and helps you make the most of the land by designating different crop for each square feet.

Here is a step by step process to help you make a raised bed for a small space:

Step 1 – Make provisions for the right wood: The first step in making a raised bed for your garden includes the building of the bed with the boards of size as small as say, 2×6 inch boards. The important part here is to choose the right wood such as composite lumber or cedar which is naturally rot-resistant.

Another option here is the ACQ treated lumber (here ACQ stands for alkaline copper quaternary). The strength of this wood is that it is pressure treated and does not contain arsenic. The tools and the raised bed kit needed to put it together can be easily bought from any home improvement store.

Step 2 – Position in a way to soak the sun: It must be kept in mind that all the fruits and vegetables need at least 6 hours of sunlight every day which is why you need to position your raised bed at a place where it can soak up the sun directly. 

Choose a spot that is away from the big shadowy trees and receives sunlight most part of the day. It is better to provide the north-south orientation for an even sun exposure all throughout the day.

Step 3 – Choosing the best soil mix: If you know even the basics of gardening, you must be absolutely familiar with the need to add loads of compost and organic matter with the well-drained soil for a healthy crop. You can buy both of them at a local soil yard or at a garden center. Some say, you should add 50% planting soil and 50% compost but it is even more fruitful to have a soil mix that is one-third each of coarse sand, compost and planting soil.

You can also cover this mix with an inch of mulch to keep the weeds away. The entire soil bed can be six inches deep if it is built in the garden but it needs to be 12 to 18 inches deep if it is built on concrete.

Step 4 – Wisely choose the crops to plant: It is advised that one should look for dwarf or compact varieties of crop to make the best use of space. For winter cropping, you can opt for lettuce and spinach, for summers you can opt for tomatoes, beets and green bush beans, for spring time you can go for carrots, radish or onion and for the fall season you can again switch back to the winter plants. This seasonal cropping is the way to make the most of the land and triple the production amount. Avoid plants such as squash or sweet corn that hog up a lot of space.

So, make the most of your small garden space with these 4 simple steps to make a raised bed in a small space and also, don’t forget to enjoy the entire process and thus, witness the healthy powers of organic farming in your backyard.